What Is Financial Independence/ Retire Early?
Fee-for-service financial planner and founder of PlanEasy.ca
You may have noticed a new term starting to creep into the mainstream financial media, that term is FIRE, and you might be wondering, “What the heck is FIRE? And how is it related to personal finances?”.
FIRE is an acronym that stands for Financial Independence/Retire Early. The basic idea is that if you pursue FIRE you can eventually stop working for money. You can be financially independent. You can do anything, retire early, keep working, volunteer, basically you can have more freedom.
The idea is that with enough savings/investments you’ll eventually reach the point where you can live off your investment income indefinitely. Once you reach this point you’re considered financially independent, you no longer NEED to work for an income, and can retire to a life of leisure (although you may choose to continue to work, change roles/professions, start a business, or volunteer).
While the concept of early retirement sounds amazing, it does take quite a bit of focus and determination to get there. To reach FIRE it requires a high savings rate, very high. The typical financial advice given to the public is to save and investment approximately 20% of your net income (part of the simple 50/30/20 budget). But to reach financial independence retire early you need to save more, much more. To reach FIRE you need to have a savings rate somewhere in the 30%-70%+ range. The higher your savings rate the faster you can stop working for money.
FIRE is made easier with an above average income. With a high-income basic expenses are covered and it becomes more about managing lifestyle inflation. People who pursue FIRE limit their lifestyle inflation to maintain a high savings rate.
FIRE is also possible with a below average income, but requires a lot of creativity to reduce basic expenses. This may include house hacking, avoiding car ownership, and more extreme lifestyles. To reach financial independence retire early with a low-income you need to live an alternative lifestyle.
Reaching FIRE is one of those extreme personal finance goals, it’s a goal that isn’t for everyone.
Even though the end goal sounds appealing it requires a lot of hard work and dedication along the way. Reaching financial independence retire early means living way below your means for the rest of your life. It’s a lifestyle more than it is an end goal. It’s a lifestyle with a lot of freedom, but it’s also a lifestyle that requires a lot of control.
If you’re able to control your spending, and save a large % of your income, then reaching financial independence might only be a few years away.
To find out roughly how far away from FIRE you are you can download our FIRE calculator. It’ll help you estimate how many years from FIRE you are based on your net-income, current expenses, and existing savings.
We’ve used our FIRE calculator to create four examples of how to reach FIRE.
In this scenario, we’re going to assume a household net-income of just $40,000 per year with low annual spending. This level of spending would need to be maintained after reaching financial independence so this is a tough scenario. It will require a lot of creativity to maintain this low level of spending over the long-term but if possible it will let this household reach FIRE in just 16.6 years. They could start from zero at age 33 and be retired early at age 50.
In this scenario, we’re going to assume a household net-income of $80,000 per year with low annual spending. This family is already doing really well and can decrease their FIRE journey even further by increasing income or decreasing expenses.
Increasing their income by $5,000 will shave 0.8 years off their FIRE journey. Similarly, decreasing expenses by $5,000 will shave 1.3 years off their FIRE journey. (Notice how reducing expenses is worth almost twice as much as increasing income? This is how a penny saved can be worth two pennies earned)
In this scenario, we’re going to assume a household net-income of $120,000 per year with moderate annual spending. This family is already at the recommended savings rate but can drastically decrease the years to FIRE by either decreasing their spending or increasing their income.
Increasing their income by $5,000 will shave 1.7 years off their FIRE journey. Similarly, decreasing expenses by $5,000 will shave 2.6 years off their FIRE journey.
In this scenario we’re going to assume a household net-income of $120,000 per year. This is well above the average income in Canada and this makes it much easier to achieve FIRE.
With a high-income, and living well below your means, it becomes possible to reach financial independence/retire early in just a few years.
Financial planner, personal finance geek and founder of PlanEasy.